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The worst and the riskiest part of any subject like Consumer Behavior / Human Behavior, or for that matter, Marketing is its subjectivity – Lack of an Objective Evaluation!
Unless you have a rationale behind your statements, and objectivity behind your analysis, there is restricted receptivity from the audience, or more recently, it is considered to be “Gas” in modern times!

One such model that gives an Objective Perspective to Personality Assessment is the 16PF model. This Sixteen Personality Factor model was developed by Dr. Raymond Cattell and is a copyright of the Institute of Personality and Ability Testing. It talks about the primary components of a personality.

The personality traits are broken down into 16 basic traits, called primary factors, and then, combined to form 5 secondary traits – called Secondary Factors or Global Factors.

Each factor is measured from a scale of 1-10 and the scale is called as Sten Scale (Standardized Ten Scale). Historically, a score of 4-7 is considered average range; 1-3 in the low range and 8-10 is in the high range.

Each of these factors is “bipolar” in nature, and has a left meaning and a right meaning. A left meaning is denoted by X- and a right meaning is denoted by X+.

Since each of them is self-explanatory, I am not going in for explanation of each of them. Also, measuring personality takes into account certain steps, such as measuring responses, and then identifying global factors…Expatiating upon each of them might just take this entry overboard and would be highly technical. So, for the sake of simplicity and “interestibility”, I would stick to the basic level.
Here are the factors for your reference. They have been further explained in Pearson Assessments.



A Warmth
B Reasoning
C Emotional Stability
E Dominance
F Liveliness
G Rule-Consciousness
H Social Boldness
I Sensitivity
L Vigilance
M Abstractedness
N Privacy
O Apprehension
Q1 Openness to Change
Q2 Self-Reliance
Q3 Perfecionism
Q4 Tension

Try and work out the Combinations of your personality. So, someone like Manmohan Singh could be A-, B-(High on Reasoning is at the left pole), Q1+ and Q3+.
As for me, I would take B-, I+, N+ and Q3+. Rest of them might fall in the middle scale, and are not extremes!
What’s your combination? 😉

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2020 Reading Challenge

2020 Reading Challenge
Puru has read 14 books toward his goal of 50 books.